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Basics 1 is the first skill of the Dutch language tree. In these five lessons, the beginner to the Dutch language learns how to form basic sentences in Dutch. 

Tips and notesEdit

ArticlesEdit

Dutch has a trio of articles. These are de, het and een.

De and het are the definite articles; in English, this is the word "the." There are two of them in Dutch...but don't panic. There is a method to this madness that is the "de of het?" question:

DE HET
  • All plurals
  • Nouns that are obviously gender specific Example: manvrouw
  • Nouns ending in -tie, -thie, -sie, -aar, -eur, -er, -or, or -ing
  • Diminutives: these end in -je, -tje, -mpje, -etje, or -pje. Example: meisje.
  • Gerunds : these are infinitives used as nouns. More on those much, much later.
  • Ending in -um, -isme, or -aat.
  • Nouns beginning in ge-, be-, or ver- commonly.

The best way to learn which article goes with which is to memorize both the noun and its article.

Een means "a/an," and is used in the exact same way as "a/an" is in English. Een is unaffected by de or het.

PronounsEdit

The Dutch have a very large selection of pronouns to choose from:

English Dutch
I ik
you (singular informal) jij, je

he

hij
she zij, ze
it het
you (formal) u
we wij, we
you (plural informal) jullie
they zij, ze

Regular Verb ConjugationEdit

Regular verbs in Dutch are very simple: find the stem of the verb by removing the -en and add the correct ending to it.

The following table shows this process:

Pronoun Ending Drinken (stem: drink-)
ik (stem) ik drink
jij (stem)+t jij drinkt
hij, zij, het (stem)+t zij drinkt
wij (stem)+en wij drinken
jullie (stem)+en jullie drinken
zij (stem)+en zij drinken

LessonsEdit

Lesson 1Edit

  • man = man
  • vrouw = woman
  • jongen = boy
  • ik = I
  • ben = am
  • een = a/an
  • en = and

Lesson 2Edit

  • meisje = girl
  • kind = child/kid
  • hij = he
  • zij = she
  • ze = she (unstressed)
  • is = is

Lesson 3Edit

  • appel = apple
  • melk = milk
  • drinkt = drinks (2nd and 3rd person singular)
  • drink = drink (1st person singular)
  • eet = eat(s) (singular)
  • de = the

Lesson 4Edit

  • sap = juice
  • water = water
  • brood = bread
  • het = it or the
  • of = or (not "of")

Lesson 5Edit

  • je = you (singular informal, unstressed)
  • jij = you (singular informal)
  • bent = are (2nd person singular)

ReferencesEdit

Duolingo Lesson: www.duolingo.com/skill/dn/Basics-1


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