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Diminutives is the thirty-third (assuming left to right) skill in the Dutch language tree. It contains six lessons. The skill teaches the use and formation of the diminutives, words that can express cuteness or smallness (more on that later).

Tips and notesEdit

Shape and FormationEdit

Diminutives are much more common in Dutch than in English. They all end in -je, but commonly have something before them:

  • -tje, which is added to nouns ending in vowels, w's, or nouns that end in a long vowel followed by l, n or r.
  • -etje, which is added to nouns ending in short vowels followed by a single l, n, ng, m or r.
  • -kje, which is added to nouns ending in -ing.
  • -pje, which is added to nouns ending in -m.

UseEdit

Diminutives can be used to express any or all of the following in Dutch:

Express how small something isEdit

kat, "cat"+-je = katje, "kitten."

Express mistrust or contemptEdit

"The cheese has an odd taste": De kaas heeft een vreemd smaakje.

Express cutenessEdit

Wat een zoet belletje! ("What a sweet little bell!")

Express something positiveEdit

Lekker wijntje! ("Delicious wine!")

LessonsEdit

Lesson 1Edit

  • het kopje = cup
  • het vraagje = question
  • het telefoontje = telephone call

Lesson 2Edit

  • het citroentje = lemon
  • het briefje = note
  • het doosje = little box

Lesson 3Edit

  • het katje = kitten
  • het belletje = little bell
  • het raampje = window

Lesson 4Edit

  • het dingetje = little thing
  • het mannetje = male
  • het gezinnetje = little family
  • het museumpje = little museum
  • het mandje = little basket

Lesson 5Edit

  • het kettinkje = little necklace
  • het huisje = little house
  • het glaasje = glass
  • het koninkje = little king
  • het biertje = little beer

Lesson 6Edit

  • het jongetje = little boy
  • het blaadje = leaf
  • het eitje = little egg
  • het omaatje = grandma

ReferencesEdit

Duolingo Lesson: www.duolingo.com/skill/dn/Diminutives

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