Tips and NotesEdit
Dutch has four ways of making a plural, two of which are significantly more rare than the other two. The most common way of making a plural is adding -en. The second most common is adding -s. The two rarer ones are -eren (think kinderen) and -a (this one is used with words from Latin, and often -s is an allowed ending too). There are some things to keep in mind with plurals:
Nouns ending in -enEdit
- Long vowels stay long and short vowels stay short. That's why it's schapen and not schappen.
- Hard consonants become soft, hence muizen not muisen.
Nouns ending in -sEdit
If it ends in a vowel, add an apostrophe before the -s. That's why it's spelled menu's. The only exception to this is if it ends in -e. In which case, don't add the apostrophe but do add the -s.
Plurals ending in -en: eenden, schildpadden, honden, kranten, boeken, and paarden.
Plurals ending in -s introduced: boterhammen, borden, appels, katten, vogels, and olifanten.
Plurals that tend to be difficult are introduced: menu's, dieren, muizen, koeien, aardbeien, and schapen.
Duolingo Lesson: www.duolingo.com/skill/dn/Plurals