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Possessives is the seventh (assuming left to right) skill in the Dutch language tree. In these two lessons, the learner of Dutch is introduced to system of possessives that allow them to say "That's mine." or "I like your dog." The words learned in this unit also include the objective pronouns as part of the phrase van....

Tips and notesEdit

The Dutch system of possessives is a little more complicated than in English. There are three ways of saying "my/mine."

Basic Possessives (i.e. my, your, his)Edit

English Dutch
my mijn
your (sg inf) jouw
his/her/its zijn/haar/zijn
our ons/onze
your (plural) jullie
their hun
you (formal) uw

Ons/OnzeEdit

"Ons" is used with het- words, while "onze" is used with de- words.

Jullie jullieEdit

If the combination "jullie jullie" would appear in the phrase, substitute "je" for the second "jullie."

Independent possessive (i.e. mine, yours, ours)Edit

This way of saying these is a bit rare excpet in writing; Duolingo does not accept any of these in lessons.

English Dutch
mine de/het mijne
yours (sg inf) de/het jouwe
his, hers de/het zijne, haare (no "its")
ours de/het onze
yours (plural inf) no equivalent; use the alternate below
theirs de/het hunne
yours (formal) de/het uwe

Alternative independent possessivesEdit

These ones are significantly more common in everyday speech.

English Dutch
mine van mij
yours (sg inf) van jou
his, hers, its van hem/haar, ervan/hiervan (its)
ours van ons
yours (plural inf) van jullie
theirs van hen
yours (formal) van u

LessonsEdit

Lesson 1: Basic PossessivesEdit

  • zijn = his
  • mijn = my
  • onze = our
  • hun = their
  • jouw = your (singular informal)
  • haar = her

Lesson 2:Independent PossessivesEdit

  • van = of, from
  • naam = name
  • jou = you (object)
  • ons = us
  • jullie = you (object plural)
  • mij = me

ReferencesEdit

Duolingo Lesson: www.duolingo.com/skill/dn/Possessives

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