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Verbs: Present Perfect is the thirty-eighth (assuming left to right) skill in the Dutch skill tree. The skill contains a total of nine lessons that teach the use of the past tense in Dutch. The present perfect is most commonly used in normal conversation, while the preterite is chiefly used in written work.

Tips and notesEdit

Past ParticipleEdit

The past participle is the integral part of the perfect tenses. In English, past participles include been, wondered, and grown. In Dutch, they are much a little trickier; they end in -t or -d if "weak" and -en if they are "strong"- this is something that will unfortunately require some getting used to in order to become familiar with it. They will, for the most part, end in -d and begin with ge-. The major exception to this is the verbs that have inseparable prefixes; these are verbs beginning with be-, ver-, her-, ont-, ge-, or er-. If the verb has these, the ge- will not be added.

Present PerfectEdit

The present perfect is created with the conjugated form of hebben or zijn and the past participle. The choice is usually hebben, but zijn is used if it is a verb of motion and motion is indicated. The conjugated verb is near the subject and the participle goes to the end of the sentence.

Examples: "Ik heb de rijst gekookt." ("I (have) cooked the rice.")

"Wij hebben naar de bioscoop gefietst" ("We (have) biked to the cinema.")

LessonsEdit

Lesson 1Edit

  • gegeten = eaten
  • gezien = seen
  • geleerd = learned
  • gelezen = read
  • gisteren = yesterday

Lesson 2Edit

  • geschreven = written
  • gespeeld = played
  • gedronken = drunk
  • gesproken = spoken
  • betaald = paid
  • geslapen = slept
  • geleden = ago

Lesson 3Edit

  • gebruikt = used
  • geluisterd = listened
  • genomen = taken
  • gestaan = stood
  • gezegd = said
  • geregend = rained
  • nadat = after

Lesson 4Edit

  • gegaan = gone
  • gefietst = biked
  • gerend = run
  • gekomen = come
  • gezwommen = swum
  • gekookt = cooked

Lesson 5Edit

  • gebeurd = happened
  • gestopt = stopped
  • veranderd = changed
  • gelopen = walked
  • geworden = become
  • gevolgd = followed
  • aangekomen = arrived

Lesson 6Edit

  • geweest = been
  • gehad = had
  • gedaan = done
  • gekregen = received, got
  • gevraagd = asked
  • gehoord = heard
  • gegeven = given

Lesson 7Edit

  • gebleven = stayed
  • geopend = opened
  • gekocht = bought
  • verkocht = sold
  • begonnen = begun
  • gevoeld = felt
  • geprobeerd = tried

Lesson 8Edit

  • geteld = counted
  • gemaakt = made
  • gewacht = waited
  • gereisd = traveled
  • vertrokken = left
  • gewoond = lived
  • gezongen = sung

Lesson 9Edit

  • gereden = driven
  • gezocht = searched
  • gebracht = brought
  • ontworpen = designed
  • gewerkt = worked
  • getoond = shown
  • bezocht = visited

ReferencesEdit

Duolingo Lesson: www.duolingo.com/skill/dn/Verbs:-Present-Perfect

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