Être/Avoir is the eighth skill (assuming you go from left to right) in the French language tree. In this skill, you review the present indicative tense forms of être (the French "to be," which you've learned in Basics 1 and Basics 2) and learn the other forms of "avoir" (the French to have), two of the most commonly used verbs in French. You also learn how to use ce in place of a third-person pronoun.
- c' = that, it (contraction of ce)
- suis = am
- es = are (2nd person singular informal)
- ai = have (1st person singular)
- as = have (2nd person singular informal)
- a = has (3rd person singular)
- ce = that, it
- sont = are (3rd person plural)
- sommes = are (1st person plural)
- êtes = are (2nd person plural and/or formal)
- avons = have (1st person plural)
- avez = have (2nd person plural and/or formal)
- ont = have (3rd person plural)
|tu||tu es||tu as|
|il, elle, ce||il, elle, ce est||il, elle a|
|nous||nous sommes||nous avons|
|vous||vous êtes||vous avez|
|ils, elles||ils, elles sont||ils, elles ont|
Il est or C'estEdit
Il est is used for people, while c'est is used for objects. One rule overrides this; c'est can also be used when an article proceeds a noun.
- Il est un homme./C'est un homme.
When an adjective follows être and refers to a specific thing, then il est is used. If the adjective is not referring to a specific thing (aka it is referring to a general state of an area or objects are not expressively mentioned), then use c'est.
Duolingo Lesson: www.duolingo.com/skill/fr/Verbs:-%C3%8Atre-_-Avoir