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Basics 2 is the second (assuming read left to right) skill in the French language tree. It consists of five lessons. While Basics 1 introduced singular subjects and objects, Basics 2 introduces plurals.

Tips and NotesEdit

Definite articleEdit

In Basics 1 we learned the forms of the definite article for singular nouns. This lesson introduces the definite article for plural nouns. We can now state the rule: definite articles agree in number and gender with the nouns they modify.

  • le garçon, les garçons
  • la fille, les filles
  • l'homme, les hommes
  • la femme, les femmes

AdjectivesEdit

Adjectives agree in number and gender with the noun they modify.

  • le garçon riche, les garçons riches
  • la femme calme, les femmes calmes

AimerEdit

Aimer has multiple meanings. When refering to people, it means "to love."

  • J'aime ma copine. (I love my girlfriend.)

When refering to objects, it means "to like."

  • J'aime les livres. (I like the books.)

Aimer is also a "regular -er verb." All "regular -er verbs" have the same basic conjugation:

Pronoun Conjugation Ending Example for aimer
je -e j'aime
tu -es tu aimes
il, elle, on -e elle aime
nous -ons nous aimons
vous -ez vous avez
ils/elles -ent ils aiment

Écriver is also a "regular -er verb."

Ils or Elles?Edit

Ils is used when one or more of the group of people or objects are masculine. Elles is used when all of the objects or people in the group are feminine.

LireEdit

Lire is also a regular verb, but is a "regular -re verb," more specifically of the "-ire" variety. The conjugation for that kind of verb is:

Pronoun Conjugation Ending Example for lire
je -s je lis
tu -s tu lis
il, elle, on -t il lit
nous -sons nous lisons
vous -sez vous lisez
ils/elles -sent elles lisent

LessonsEdit

Lesson 1Edit

  • riches = rich (plural)
  • calmes = calm (plural)
  • les = the (plural)
  • nous = we
  • sommes = are (1st person plural)
  • les hommes = men
  • sont = are (3rd person plural)

Lesson 2Edit

  • j' = I (same as je)
  • aime = like(s) (1st and 3rd person singular)
  • écris = write (1st and 2nd person singular)
  • le livre = book
  • la lettre = letter
  • les robes = dresses
  • rouges = red (plural)

Lesson 3Edit

  • vous = you (plural and/or formal)
  • mangez = eat (vous form)
  • êtes = are (vous form)
  • avez = have (vous form)
  • avons = have (1st person plural)
  • mangeons = eat (1st person plural)

Lesson 4Edit

  • lit = reads (3rd person singular)
  • lisons = read (1st person plural)
  • le journal = newspaper
  • le menu = menu
  • les livres = books
  • elles = they
  • ils = they

Lesson 5Edit

  • écrivent = write (3rd person plural)
  • filles = girls
  • garçons = boys
  • lisent = read (3rd person plural)
  • mangent = eat (3rd person plural)
  • enfants = children
  • femmes = women

ReferencesEdit

Duolingo Lesson: www.duolingo.com/skill/fr/Basics-2

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