Grammatical genderEdit

Each noun in German belongs to one of three grammatical genders: masculine, neuter, or feminine. A noun's gender affects how the words you use with the noun (articles, adjectives, etc.) are declined.

The following table shows types of nouns and noun endings that usually indicate that the noun belongs to a given gender. Exceptions to these "rules" do exist.

Gender Signs that indicate the gender
Masculine -ling, -tor, -ör, -loge, -ist, -ant, -är, -et, -eur, -ismus, -iker, -er, -el, -en, -ich, -us, masculine people (boy, father, etc.), days of the week, seasons, months, and borrow words with emphasis on the last syllable.
Neuter -chen, -lein, -nis, Ge-, -ett, -tel, -tum, -ment, -um, gerunds, and metals.
Feminine -ung, -keit, -heit, -schaft, -ion, -enz, -ik, -ät, -unft, -thek, -erei, -ade, -ine, -ive, -sis, -ur, -ie, -ei, -e, -in, feminine people (mother, woman, etc.), numbers, and rivers.

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Each noun or adjective in German is affected by a thing called case, which is determined by where the noun or adjective is in a sentence. The following table gives a basic rundown...

Case Description
Nominative The subject of a sentence.
Accusative Direct objects and following prepositions such as für and durch.
Dative Indirect objects and following most prepositions.
Genitive In a position where "of" would precede it. Relatively rare.

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Word orderEdit


Other topicsEdit