The following table shows types of nouns and noun endings that usually indicate that the noun belongs to a given gender. Exceptions to these "rules" do exist.
|Gender||Signs that indicate the gender|
|Masculine||-ling, -tor, -ör, -loge, -ist, -ant, -är, -et, -eur, -ismus, -iker, -er, -el, -en, -ich, -us, masculine people (boy, father, etc.), days of the week, seasons, months, and borrow words with emphasis on the last syllable.|
|Neuter||-chen, -lein, -nis, Ge-, -ett, -tel, -tum, -ment, -um, gerunds, and metals.|
|Feminine||-ung, -keit, -heit, -schaft, -ion, -enz, -ik, -ät, -unft, -thek, -erei, -ade, -ine, -ive, -sis, -ur, -ie, -ei, -e, -in, feminine people (mother, woman, etc.), numbers, and rivers.|
Each noun or adjective in German is affected by a thing called case, which is determined by where the noun or adjective is in a sentence. The following table gives a basic rundown...
|Nominative||The subject of a sentence.|
|Accusative||Direct objects and following prepositions such as für and durch.|
|Dative||Indirect objects and following most prepositions.|
|Genitive||In a position where "of" would precede it. Relatively rare.|