Tips and NotesEdit
In English, adding -s or -es to a noun makes it a plural (meaning you now have two or more things). In German, the system is a little more complicated. Much of the system depends on gender of the noun. All plurals regardless of gender will take die as their word for "the."
This one is most common for nouns that have only one syllable. Some of these include Brot->Brote or Spiel->Spiele.
This ending often applies to neuter nouns. In addition, there may be an change to an umlaut for a, o, or u. Two examples from this skill are Kind->Kinder and Mann->Männer.
This ending is used for almost all feminine nouns. In this skill, Frau->Frauen is one example. If the feminine noun ends in -in, then -nen is added instead.
This is purely used in foreign nouns such as Detail->Details and Café->Cafés.
Many masculine and neuter nouns end in -er, -chen, or -lein; these will have no change whatsoever. The way one can tell the difference is that the definite article is now die.
Ihr or Er?Edit
To the untrained ear, ihr (plural informal you) and er (he) will sound the same. In order to tell the difference, you will have to listen carefully; ihr sounds similar to "ear," while er sounds like "air." Another way to tell is to listen for the verb as well; often, the verb conjugation will be different. For example, for sein, the conjugation is er ist, but ihr seid.
- wir = we
- ihr = you (plural informal)
- sind = are (1st person plural)
- seid = are (2nd person plural informal)
- Frauen = women
- Männer = men
- sie = they
- sind = are (3rd person plural)
- das = that
- die = the (plural nominative)
- Jungen = boys
- Kinder = children
Duolingo Lesson: www.duolingo.com/skill/de/Basics-2