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Plurals is the ninth (assuming read left-to-right) skill in the German language tree. It contains three lessons that properly explore the German plural, the usage of 'die' as a plural while reinforcing simple previously learnt plural words (e.g. Männer).

Tips and NotesEdit

Plural FormationEdit

In English, one merely has to add an -s or -es to the ending of the word to make it into a plural. In German, the system is a little bit more complicated. Plurals will have their own gender as well, which is different from the others.

There are six ways to form a plural in German. When you learn a new noun, learn the plural ending with it. In the end, one will gain a feel for the correct usage for each noun.

-(e)nEdit

Most feminine nouns and nouns ending in -sch or -e take this ending. In this skill, Katzen, Tomaten, Zeitungen, Orangen, Kartoffeln, Menschen, Jungen and Frauen take this ending.

-erEdit

Many neuter nouns will take this ending, as well as change the umlaut if possible. In this skill, Bücher, Eier, Männer and Kinder take this ending.

-eEdit

Most monosyllabic and/or masculine nouns take this ending. In this skill, Hunde, Tiere, and Fische have this ending.

-sEdit

Certain foreign words take this ending. No words in this skill do, but words like Cafés and Chefs exist.

No change at allEdit

Words ending in -lein, -chen, -er, or -el may take no ending, but may change the umlaut if possible. This skill contains the examples of Mädchen and Äpfel.

LessonsEdit

Lesson 1Edit

Tiere, Katzen, Hunde, Fische, Tomaten, Erdbeeren, and Zeitungen.

Lesson 2Edit

Menschen, Mädchen, Insekten, Orangen, Äpfel, Kartoffeln, and Eier.

Lesson 3Edit

Kühe, Schweine, Vögel, Bären, Enten, and Mäuse.

ReferencesEdit

Duolingo Lesson: www.duolingo.com/skill/de/Plurals

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