In this skill, you will learn about negations, greetings, and the two common verbs essere (to be) and avere (to have).


Unlike in English, the Italian word non (not) is used in front of the verb.

  • Example: Lui non è una donna ("He is not a woman").


  • Ciao (Hi, bye) = Both used for meeting and parting
  • Buongiorno (Good morning, good afternoon) = Mostly used for meeting; but can also be used for parting
  • Buonasera (Good evening) = Mostly used for meeting; but can also be used for parting.
  • Buonanotte (Good night) = Only parting

Verbs essere and avereEdit

  • Essere:
Italian English
Sono I am
Sei You are (singular)
È He/she/it is
Siamo We are
Siete You are (plural)
Sono They are
  • Avere:
Italian English
Ho I have
Hai You have (singular)
Ha He/she/it has
Abbiamo We have
Avete You have (plural)
Hanno They have

(Please note that the h's in ho, hai, ha, and hanno are not pronounced)


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