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Genitive 1 is the ninth (assuming read left to right) skill in the language tree for Russian. It has five lessons, and teaches the most important Russian case: The genitive!

Grammar notesEdit

Genitive CaseEdit

The genitive case, just like the prepositional case, changes the endings of nouns:

  • Feminine nouns: -ы/-и
  • masculine and neuter nouns: -а/-я

I have...Edit

The construction "I have..." in Russian is У меня есть...The меня is in the genitive case. Other genitive pronouns are:

тебя, его, её, нас, вас, and их.

Note: after a preposition, его, её, and их become него, неё, and них. This is mostly for pronounciation purposes.

Negation and Double NegativesEdit

Whenever you don't have something, that "something" will be in the genitive. Also, the есть in the sentence becomes нет.

Another interesting thing is that double negatives are a necessity of Russian grammar. For example, "У меня ничего нет." literally means "I have no nothing.", but it actually means "I have nothing." or "I do not have anything."

AwayEdit

The genitive case also is used when something is "away." For example, "Мамы сейчас нет." means "Mom isn't here."

LessonsEdit

Lesson 1Edit

  • сок = juice

Lesson 2Edit

  • нет = not

Lesson 3Edit

  • его = him, it
  • её = her
  • ничего = nothing
  • восле = near
  • этого/этой = this (genitive)

Lesson 4Edit

  • масло = butter
  • ни...ни = neither...nor
  • Ты ешь = you eat

Lesson 5Edit

  • чай = tea
  • карандаш = pencil

ReferencesEdit

Duolingo Lesson: www.duolingo.com/skill/ru/Genitive-Case---1

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