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Basics 1 is the first skill in the Spanish language tree. It teaches the first sentences and phrases, and consists of three lessons about gender, people, eating and drinking.

Grammar NotesEdit

GenderEdit

Spanish has both masculine and feminine nouns. It is important to use the right modifiers (articles, adjectives, etc.) for each gender.

Feminine Masculine
Indefinite (a/an) una un
Definite (the) la el

There is also plural versions of these, but those are taught in Basics 2.

Sentence PatternEdit

Spanish sentence structure is remarkably similar to English. One of the main differences is the omission of the subject:

  • Soy un hombre. ("I am a man.")
  • Soy una mujer. ("I am a woman.")

You can begin these sentences with yo if you wish, but the sentences above are more common.

Verb ConjugationEdit

Verb conjugation in Spanish is more complicated than in English. Here is the conjugation in the singular for beber, "to drink":

English Spanish Verb Ending
I drink Yo bebo -o
You (inf.) drink Tù bebes -es
he/she drinks Él/Ella bebe -e

This is regular for most verbs ending in -er. Comer, "to eat", also follows this pattern. One exception is ser, "to be":

English Spanish
I am Yo soy
You (inf.) are Tù eres
he/she is Él/Ella es

These exceptions will have to be memorized.

LessonsEdit

Lesson 1Edit

  • el = the (masculine)
  • la = the (feminine)
  • el hombre = man
  • la mujer = woman
  • yo = I
  • un = a/an (masculine)
  • una = a/an (feminine)
  • soy = I am
  • el niño = boy/child
  • la niña = girl

Lesson 2Edit

  • él = he
  • es = he/she is
  • ella = she
  • come = he/she/you (form.) eat(s)
  • = you (inf.)
  • eres = you (inf.) are
  • la manzana = apple
  • usted = you (formal)

Lesson 3Edit

  • el pan = bread
  • como = I eat
  • comes = you (inf.) eat
  • el agua = water
  • la leche = milk
  • bebe = he/she/you (form.) drink(s)
  • bebo = I drink
  • bebes = you (inf.) drink

ReferencesEdit

Duolingo Lesson: www.duolingo.com/skill/es/Basics-1

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