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Verbs:Past is the twenty-eighth (assuming read left to right) skill in the language tree for Spanish with ten lessons. It teaches the preterite past form, which is used for actions that were begun and completed at a specific time in the past. If it was completed in the present, use the perfect; if it had no specific time of beginning or completion use the imperfect.

Grammar NotesEdit

To form the preterite form for the past, take the stem and add these endings:

Subject -ar verbs Example: hablar -ir or -er verbs Example: beber
yo hablé bebí
-aste hablaste -iste bebiste
usted, él, ella habló bebió
nosotros/nosotras -amos* hablamos -imos* bebimos
vosotros/vosotras -asteis hablasteis -isteis bebisteis
ustedes, ellos,, ellas -aron hablaron -iron bebiron

Note (*): The present tense conjugation and the preterite conjugation are the same, so context is needed to differentiate the two.

The only irregular preterite forms are for ir and ser (which are the same and have the stem fu-) and dar (which is treated like a -ir verb instead).

LessonsEdit

Lesson 1Edit

  • fue = he/she/it was/went
  • estuvo = he/she/it was (irregular stem estuv-)
  • comimos = we ate
  • bebí = I drank
  • fueron = they went/were
  • hablé = I talked
  • gustó = he/she/it liked

Lesson 2Edit

  • quise = I wanted (irregular stem quis-)
  • llovió = it rained
  • toqué = I touched
  • = I heard
  • = I saw
  • dijo - he/she/it said (irregular stem dij-)

Lesson 3Edit

  • hizo = he/she/it did/made (irregular stem hic-)
  • tuvo = he/she/it had (irregular stem tuv-)
  • dio = he/she/it gave
  • llegó = he/she/it arrived
  • siquiera = even if
  • quedé = I stayed
  • dejó = he/she/it left

Lesson 4Edit

  • pasó = he/she/it passed
  • recién = just
  • vino = he/she/it came
  • volvió = he/she/it returned
  • puso = he/she/it put
  • comenzó = he/she/it began
  • explicó = he/she/it explained

Lesson 5Edit

  • preguntó = he/she/it asked
  • salió = he/she/it went out
  • empezó = he/she/it began
  • llevó = he/she/it took
  • pidió = he/she/it asked for
  • recibió = he/she/it received
  • decidió = he/she/it decided

Lesson 6Edit

  • presentó = he/she/it presented
  • logró = he/she/it achieved
  • tomó = he/she/it took
  • miró = he/she/it looked at
  • encontró = he/she/it found
  • ocurrió = it happened
  • abrió = he/she/it opened

Lesson 7Edit

  • respondió = he/she/it answered
  • pensó = he/she/it thought
  • llamó = he/she/it called
  • mostró = he/she/it showed
  • entró = he/she/it entered
  • siguió = he/she/it followed
  • supo = he/she/it knew (irregular stem sup-)

Lesson 8Edit

  • ganó = he/she/it won
  • perdió = he/she/it lost
  • (se) sintió = he/she/it felt
  • recordó = he/she/it remembered
  • terminaste = you ended
  • inició = he/she/it started
  • cayó = he/she/it fell

Lesson 9Edit

  • apareció = he/she/it appeared
  • consiguió = he/she/it got
  • permitió = he/she/it allowed
  • escribió = he/she/it wrote
  • contó = he/she/it counted
  • obtuvo = he/she/it obtained
  • contestó = he/she/it replied

Lesson 10Edit

  • alcanzó = he/she/it reached
  • sacó = he/she/it took
  • negó = he/she/it denied
  • consideró = he/she/it considered
  • intentó = he/she/it tried
  • insistió = he/she/it insisted
  • ofreció = he/she/it offered

ReferncesEdit

Duolingo Lesson: www.duolingo.com/skill/es/Verbs%3A-Past

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