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Verbs:Present Perfect is the fortieth skill (assuming read left to right) in the Spanish language tree. Teaching another form of the past tense, it has ten lessons.

Grammar NotesEdit

The present perfect is actually the same in Spanish as in English. There are two main parts to the present perfect; the auxiliary verb haber, which is conjugated, and the past participle of the verb.

  • "has been" = ha sido/estado

Haber is an irregular verb, so you'll need to memorize it:

Pronoun Conjugation
yo he
has
él, ella, usted ha
nosotros/nosotras hemos
vosotros/vosotras habeís
ellos, ellas, ustedes han

Use the present perfect when talking to other people about events that just happened or a sequence of events in the past.

LessonsEdit

Lesson 1Edit

  • sido = been
  • estado = been
  • haber = to have (done)
  • comido = eaten
  • bebido = drunk
  • sabido = known
  • vivido = lived

Lessons 2Edit

  • ido = gone
  • tratado = tried
  • dejado = left
  • tocado = touched
  • llamado = called
  • querido = wanted
  • hecho = made

Lessons 3Edit

  • pasado = passed
  • perdido = lost
  • venido = come
  • preparado = prepared
  • leído = read
  • conocido = known

Lesson 4Edit

  • ocurrido = happened
  • llovido = rained
  • seguido = followed
  • pagado = paid
  • dado = given
  • salido = left
  • enviado = sent

Lesson 5Edit

  • dicho = said, told
  • demostrado = shown
  • permitido = allowed
  • reducido = reduced
  • recibido = received
  • obligado = forced
  • nacido = born

Lesson 6Edit

  • terminado = finished
  • presentado = presented
  • caminado = walked
  • tomado = taken
  • oído = heard
  • llevado = brought
  • realizado = realized

Lesson 7Edit

  • citado = cited
  • ganado = won
  • desarrollado = developped
  • logrado = acheived
  • elegido = decided
  • pedido = ordered
  • cerrado = closed

Lesson 8Edit

  • producido = produced
  • tenido = had
  • hablado = talked
  • sentido = felt
  • cocinado = cooked
  • sufrido = suffered
  • puesto = placed

Lesson 9Edit

  • previsto = predicted
  • establecido = established
  • abierto = opened
  • supuesto = assumed
  • determinado = determined
  • escrito = written
  • cambiado = changed

Lesson 10Edit

  • visto = seen
  • llegado = arrived
  • utilizado = used