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Subjunctive/Imperative is the fifty-sixth skill (assuming read left to right) in the language tree for Spanish. It has three lessons that teach both the subjunctive and imperative moods in Spanish

Grammar Notes[1][2]Edit

Subjunctive MoodEdit

The subjunctive mood in Spanish is used for indirect speech ("John told me I was late") as well as uncertainty about a fact ("I doubt there's any pizza left"). No similar tense exists in English, so you'll have to memorize when to use it.

To make the subjunctive tense, take the yo form of the verb (remember all of those first-person irregularities) and remove the final -o. This is the stem of the subjunctive. Of course, there are a few irregularities:

Verb Subjunctive Stem
ser se-
ir vay-
dar d-
haber hay-
saber sep-

Once you have the subjunctive stem, then you add the ending:

Pronoun -ar Subjunctive Ending -er or -ir Subjunctive Ending
yo -e -a
-es -as
usted, él, ella -e -a
nosotros/nosotras -emos -amos
vosotros/vosotras -éis -áis
ustedes, ellos, ellas -en -an

Imperative MoodEdit

The imperative mood is used for commands. The imperative mood is remarkably similar to the subjunctive mood, as only the endings are different:

Pronoun -ar Subjunctive Ending -er Subjunctive Ending -ir Subjunctive Ending
-a -e -e
usted, él, ella -e -a -a
vosotros/vosotras -ad -ed -id
ustedes, ellos, ellas -en -an -an

ReferencesEdit

  1. https://www.spanishdict.com/guide/spanish-present-subjunctive/
  2. https://www.spanishdict.com/guide/spanish-imperative-mood

Duolingo Lesson: www.duolingo.com/skill/es/Verbs%3A-Subjunctive_Imperative