Plurals is the seventh (assuming read left to right) skill in the Turkish language tree. It has three lessons and teaches how to form plurals for Turkish words.

Grammar NotesEdit

Plurals in Turkish are actually simpler than in English! All you have to add is

  • -ler if the last vowel is e, i, ö, or ü and
  • -lar if the last vowel is a, ı, o, or u.

This is called two-way vowel harmony (like the four-way vowel harmony from Accusative, but only two ways) and in Duolingo notes is dentoed by a capital A.


Lesson 1Edit

  • kediler = cats
  • köpekler = dogs
  • elmalar = apples
  • sandviçler = sandwiches
  • ördekler = ducks
  • gazeteler = newspapers

Lesson 2Edit

  • kaplumbağalar = turtles
  • kuşlar = birds
  • filler = elephants
  • atlar = horses
  • kitaplar = books
  • balıklar = fish(es)

Lesson 3Edit

  • erkekler = men
  • hayvan = animal
  • hayvanlar = animals
  • baykuşlar = owls
  • kadınlar = women
  • kızlar = girls
  • çocuklar = children


Duolingo Lesson:

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