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Postpositions is the twenty-second (assuming read left to right) skill in the language tree for Turkish. It has a total of two lessons that teach postpositions in Turkish.

Grammar NotesEdit

English has prepositions like "on" and "from". Turkish has instead postpositions. What this means is that instead of coming before the noun, they come after it.

Any postpositions that are not built into a case are divided into two groups, which we'll call Type 1 and Type 2. In vocabulary we will always indicate which group they belong to.

Type 1Edit

Type 1 postpositions are formed as follows:

  • postposition + appropriate genitive marker + locative

So Yanımdasın means "You are beside me" from yan ("side") + ım ("my") + da ("at") + sın ("you are").

Type 2Edit

These ones are very similar to English, in that they are simply coming after a nominative noun. The exceptions here are hakkında and gibi, where, when paired with a pronoun, the former becomes a Type 1 with stem hakk- while the later requires a genitve object rather than a nominative one.

Note: sonra from Time and doğru from Dative are also Type 2, they just have ablative and dative objects respectively.

LessonsEdit

Lesson 1Edit

  • üzeri/üst = on top of (Type 1)
  • = inside (Type 1)
  • alt = under (Type 1)
  • arka = behind (Type 1)
  • yan = beside, next to (Type 1)
  • dışanıya = outside (Type 2)

Lesson 2Edit

  • sırasında = during (Type 2)
  • hakkında = about (Type 2)
  • hariç = except (Type 2)
  • gibi = similar to (Type 2)
  • kenar = by (Type 1)
  • ön = in front of (Type 1)

ReferencesEdit

Duolingo Lesson: www.duolingo.com/skill/tr/Prepositions

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