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Animals is the tenth (assuming read left to right) skill in the language tree for Welsh. This skill contains a total of four lessons, and each lesson teaches the words for different animals, from lions and tigers to bees and ants.

Grammar NotesEdit

GenderEdit

Many animals end in -en, which usually means they are feminine.

MutationEdit

Mutation is a common occurence in Welsh and other Celtic languages. It means that the first letter (or letters) of the following word(s) will be slightly changed.

Lenition is a common occurence. This is a form of consonant mutation that is discussed in detail in Places 1. Feminine nouns often soften the letter following it, so when we get to adjectives later, watch the spelling.

Another one that you should be encountering is aspirate mutation, where p-, t-, and c- become ph-, th-, and ch-. This happens with the first letter of nouns that come after tri and chwe.

LessonsEdit

Lesson 1Edit

  • ceffyl = horse
  • llygoden = mouse
  • eliffant = elephant
  • aderyn = bird
  • arth = bear
  • dafad = sheep
  • cwningen = rabbit

Lesson 2Edit

  • hwyaden = duck
  • buwch = cow
  • crwban = turtle
  • llew = lion
  • cranc = crab
  • pryf = insect
  • anifail = animal

Lesson 3Edit

  • copyn = spider
  • morfil = whale
  • mwnci = monkey
  • gŵydd = goose
  • teigr = tiger
  • neidr = snake
  • carw = deer
  • mochyn = pig

Lesson 4Edit

  • gafr = goat
  • dolffin = dolphin
  • blaidd = wolf
  • pili-pala = butterfly
  • iâr = hen
  • siarc = shark
  • gwenynen = bee
  • tylluan = owl

ReferencesEdit

Duolingo Lesson: www.duolingo.com/skill/cy/Animals-1