Family 1 is the twenty-eighth (assuming read left to right) skill in the Welsh language tree. The major theme of this skill is the possessive pronouns (my, your, etc.) and some family words, with more coming in Family 2. It has three lessons.

Grammar NotesEdit

Possessives in Welsh are much the same as in English, but there a few things to keep in mind:

  • Most of the time, the possessive pronoun is paired with a personal pronoun, as in fy mam-gu i ("My grandma I").
  • dy and ei (meaning "him") have soft mutation afterwards.
  • fy has nasal mutation (Wikibooks has a description of this here).
  • ei (meaning "her"), eu, and ein cause aspirate mutation (again, Wikibooks documents this here).
  • ei (meaning "her") also adds an h to the beginning of the next word if it begins with a vowel.


Lesson 1Edit

  • dy...(di) = your (formal)
  • eich...(chi) = your (informal and/or plural)
  • fy...(i) = my
  • nabod = to know
  • ein...(ni) = our
  • eu...(nhw) = their

Lesson 2Edit

  • beiro = pen
  • cacen = cake
  • nhad = father
  • ngwraig = wife
  • ngŵr = husband
  • mam-gu/nain = grandmother
  • nhad-cu/nhaid = grandfather

Lesson 3Edit

  • ei...(e/o) = his
  • ei...(hi) = her
  • mam = mother
  • chwaer = sister
  • enw = name


Duolingo Lesson: