Family 1 is the thirty-second (assuming read left to right) skill in the Welsh language tree. The major theme of this skill is the possessive pronouns (my, your, etc.) and some family words, with more coming in Family 2. It has four lessons.

Grammar NotesEdit

Possessives in Welsh are much the same as in English, but there a few things to keep in mind:

  • Most of the time, the possessive pronoun is paired with a personal pronoun, as in fy mam-gu i ("My grandma I").
  • dy and ei (meaning "him") have soft mutation afterwards.
  • fy causes nasal mutation.
  • ei (meaning "her"), eu, and ein cause aspirate mutation. They also add an h to the beginning of the next word if it begins with a vowel.


Lesson 1Edit

  • fy...(i) = my
  • nabod = to know
  • tad = father
  • gwraig = wife
  • gŵr = husband
  • cwrdd â = to meet

Lesson 2Edit

  • dy...(di) = your
  • teulu = family
  • cacen = cake
  • eich...(chi) = your

Lesson 3Edit

  • ei...(e/o) = his
  • ei...(hi) = her
  • mam = mother
  • enw = name
  • mam-gu/nain = grandmother
  • tad-cu/taid = grandfather

Lesson 4Edit

  • ein...(ni) = our
  • eu...(nhw) = their
  • chwaer = sister


Duolingo Lesson: