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Places 1 is the fourteenth (assuming read left to right) skill of the language tree for Welsh, and it has two lessons. This skill teaches some place names in Welsh.

Cultural NotesEdit

Welsh towns will often have two names; one is the traditional Welsh name and the other is the English one (which is often just a translation or corruption of the Welsh one). The town council of each town will decide which one will be used and whether signage or documents will show either one or both.

Due to a viral video, one the most well known Welsh town names is Llanfair­pwllgwyngyll­gogery­chwyrn­drobwll­llan­tysilio­gogo­goch, which is the second largest place name on the world.

Grammar NotesEdit

Lenition is a fancy word for "consonant softening." This means that the consonant following a vowel in the previous word will be softened so that the sentence flows better. It is a common theme in all Celtic languages, and Welsh is no exception.

The schema for lenition is as follows:

  • t->d
  • c->g
  • p->b
  • b->f
  • g is removed
  • d->dd
  • m->f
  • ll->l
  • rh->r

This type of mutation happens directly after the prepositions i and o.

LessonsEdit

Lesson 1Edit

  • byw = to live
  • Tywyn = Tywyn
  • ynghanol = in the middle of
  • ger = near
  • llyfrgell = library

Lesson 2Edit

  • Efrog Newydd = New York
  • Pwllheli = Pwllheli
  • Bangor = Bangor
  • archfarchnad = supermarket
  • dod = to come
  • o = from

Lesson 3Edit

  • Aberaeron = Aberaeron
  • Y Fenni = Abergavenny
  • Caerfyrddin = Carmarthen
  • siopau = shops

ReferencesEdit

Duolingo Lesson: www.duolingo.com/skill/cy/Places1