Present Tense 3 is the fifteenth (assuming read left to right) skill in the language tree for Welsh. In this skill, the student of Welsh learns about the difference between ti and chi, as well as more present tense verbs. The skill has five lessons.

Grammar NotesEdit

Ti or Chi?Edit

Which do you use, ti or chi?

ti chi
use ti when you are...
  • in an informal setting;
  • talking with friends; and
  • talking to deities.
use chi when you...
  • are in a formal setting;
  • show respect;
  • don't know someone; and
  • are talking to a group of people.


This skill also teaches the remaining grammatical persons he, she, we, and they:

English Welsh Statement Welsh Question Welsh Negative
I am (ry)dw i (y)dw i? (dy)dw i ddim
you are rwyt ti wyt ti? dwyt ti ddim
he is mae e/o ydy e/o? dydy e/o ddim
she is mae hi ydy hi? dydy hi ddim
we are (ry)dyn ni ydyn ni? (dy)dyn ni ddim
you are (ry)dych chi (y)dych chi? (dy)dych chi ddim
they are maen nhw ydyn nhw? (dy)dyn nhw ddim


Lesson 1Edit

  • gweithio = to work
  • sgipio = to skip
  • caru = to love
  • o gwbl = at all

Lesson 2Edit

  • gwrando ar = to listen
  • radio = radio
  • fe/fo = him

Lesson 3Edit

  • sglefrio = to skate
  • cwpwrdd = cupboard
  • drws = door
  • cau = to close
  • hwylio = to sail
  • agor = to wait

Lesson 4Edit

  • = ice
  • smygu = to smoke
  • chwerthin = to laugh
  • cerddoriaeth = music
  • gwenu = to smile
  • clywed = to hear
  • Castell-Nedd = Neath
  • Manceinion = Manchester

Lesson 5Edit

  • ofnadwy = terrible
  • gweddol = not bad
  • mynd am dro = to go for a walk
  • lliwio = to color
  • llun = picture


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