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Time is the twenty-third (assuming read left to right) skill in the Welsh language tree. In this skill, with a total of four lessons, you will learn more about how to tell time.

Grammar NotesEdit

Vigesimal systemEdit

The vigesimal system in Welsh is slowly being replaced by the decimal system, but time is still often given with this system.

The vigesimal system is given in powers of 20; these are the first 20 numbers. Note that ar ("on") causes lenition in the following word:

Number Welsh Number Number Welsh Number
1 un 11 un ar ddeg
2 dau/dwy 12 deuddeg
3 tri/tair 13 tri/tair ar ddeg
4 pedwar/pedair 14 pedwar/pedair ar ddeg
5 pump 15 pymtheg/pymtheng*
6 chwech 16 un ar bymtheg
7 saith 17 dau ar bymtheg
8 wyth 18 deunaw
9 naw 19 pedwar ar bymtheg
10 deg/deng* 20 ugain

* The extra "n" in these words is a traditional spelling; you can choose which spelling is more convenient for you.

LessonsEdit

Lesson 1Edit

  • faint o'r gloch ydy hi? = what time is it?
  • o'r gloch = o'clock
  • hanner awr = half
  • awr = hour
  • chwarter = quarter
  • i = to
  • munud = minute
  • wedi = past

Lesson 2Edit

  • cyrraedd = to arrive
  • am = at

Lesson 3Edit

  • am faint o'r gloch = at what time
  • hanner dydd = noon
  • ugain = twenty (vigesimal)
  • pump ar hugain = twenty-five (vigesimal)
  • hanner nos = midnight

Lesson 4Edit

  • gwely = bed
  • amser = time
  • un ar ddeg = eleven
  • deuddeg = twelve
  • tan = until

ReferencesEdit

Duolingo Lesson: www.duolingo.com/skill/cy/Time