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Weather is the twenty-second (assuming read left to right) skill in the language tree for Welsh, and it has four lessons. The major words in this unit are related to describing the weather.

Grammar NotesEdit

Weather ExpressionsEdit

As tywydd is feminine in Welsh, hi is the pronoun used with it.

  • mae hi'n = it is
  • roedd hi'n = it was
  • bydd hi'n = it will be

This/ThatEdit

Welsh does not have separate words for "this" or "that"; Welsh uses roundabout expressions with y...yma/'ma and y...'na respectively.

Lenition, Lenition Everywhere!Edit

First, here is a refresher of the consonants affected by lenition:

  • t->d
  • c->g
  • p->b
  • b->f
  • g is removed
  • d->dd
  • m->f
  • ll->l
  • rh->r

Now, Welsh uses this a lot, as we have already seen. This skill introduces even more examples of this, namely:

  • after nos in expressions like "Monday night" (nos Lun );
  • after rhy: rhy gymylog;
    • Rhy itself cannot be mutated at all.
  • after yn when the next word is an adjective or adverb (and doesn't begin with rh- or ll-): mae hi'n well but mae hi'n rhy wyntog.

LessonsEdit

Lesson 1Edit

  • mae hi'n = she (the weather) is
  • bwrw glaw = raining
  • bwrw eira = snowing
  • braf = fine, nice
  • heulog = sunny
  • oer = cold
  • glaw = rain
  • cymylog = cloudy

Lesson 2Edit

  • sych = dry
  • niwlog = foggy
  • gwyntog = windy
  • stormus = stormy
  • tywydd = weather
  • bwrw cesair = hailing

Lesson 3Edit

  • gwell = better
  • gwaeth = worse
  • ond = but
  • bydd hi'n = it will be
  • gwlyb = wet
  • twym = hot

Lesson 4Edit

  • diwetha = last
  • diflas = miserable
  • rhy = too
  • roedd hi'n = it was
  • y bore 'ma = this morning
  • y prynhawn yma = this afternoon

ReferencesEdit

Duolingo Lesson: www.duolingo.com/skill/cy/Weather